Installation Procedures and Tips for Gen 1 Wheel Bearings
When Installing Gen 1 Wheel Bearings:
(ALWAYS refer to, and follow vehicle and product specifications)
As precision-engineered components, Gen 1 wheel bearings are susceptible to damage from air-powered and impact tools
- Use a torque wrench to apply the OE-specified torque value on all fasteners
- Use the manufacturer’s axle torque specifications and recommended installation procedures
- Follow all safety procedures and wear applicable personal protective equipment as needed
Gen 1 Installation:
- Loosen the axle nut while the vehicle is still on the ground. Do not reuse the old nut. Never use an impact gun on the axle nut.
- To avoid damage to components, be sure to use the proper specialized pullers to remove the CV joint, hub and knuckle from the bearing.
- Inspect all components for signs of fatigue or damage. Check bearing mounting bore for distortion or out-of-roundness. Any irregularities will improperly load the bearing and cause premature failure, so replace if in doubt.
- Clean the bearing area in the knuckle and hub to facilitate smooth insertion. A light coating of lubricant can be applied to the knuckle cavity and hub to ease installation and inhibit corrosion.
- When press-fitting the bearing into the knuckle, be sure to apply pressure only to the outer ring. When pressing the hub into the inner ring, force must only be applied to the inner ring and the hub. The application of force to the wrong part of the bearing will render it useless by severely damaging the balls and raceways. After each step, check for binding or damage by rotating the bearing to be sure it turns smoothly. Press-fitting locks the bearing radially but to lock it axially, be sure to install the snap ring where required.
Note: For applications that utilize ABS: Caution should be taken to make sure that the seal with the ABS magnetic encoder is installed in the correct direction. The side with the magnetic encoder needs to be installed in the inboard direction, closest to the ABS sensor. If it is installed backwards, the ABS system will not function.
- On older or higher mileage vehicles, consider installing a new CV joint boot as a good preventive measure. Manufacturer’s recommend replacement after 60,000 miles.
- Lightly lubricate and then carefully align the splines of the CV shaft with the splines of the hub to prevent damage. Using the proper tool, pull the axle yolk into the hub and seat against the bearing.
- Install a new axle nut, using the specific torque nut for that application. With the vehicle on the ground, do the final torqueing to the OEM specifications. This assures the proper mating of the split inner rings of the bearing needed to achieve the proper internal clearance.